Updated: May 28, 2020
'Amphan cyclone' affected the East India and Bagladesh in May 2020. The impact of Amphan left the world worried about our future and more concerened towards environment.
* How it started, happened?
Let's just summarize the geographical definition and terms, putting everything in simpler form.
The warm air — containing water vapour — rises and cools, forming clouds. This whole system of clouds and wind spins and grows, continuously fed by the ocean’s heat and water evaporating from the ocean surface. When the wind speeds reach 119 km/hr, the storm is officially a “tropical cyclone”.
* When was the first indication?
The storm is the first of the year that has formed in the Northern Indian Ocean. The strengthening weather system was first detected on 11 May 2020. Since then, it has formed into a power super cyclone (Category 5). As of the morning of May 18, 2020, this makes Amphan the strongest super cyclone ever measured in the Bay of Bengal.
* What were the measures taken by government?
Concerned Departments of the Government and Collectors of 12 coastal and adjoining districts have been alerted and advised to undertake required preparedness measures to effectively handle the disaster.
By 3.00 PM (17 may) about 35,000 people have been evacuated to the safe shelters. Further Information on evacuation is being collected.
Fire Officers and Deputy Fire Officers are deputed to each of the vulnerable districts for coordination among Fire Service Teams.
* How impactful was it?
Amphan made landfall on West Bengal near the Sundarbans between Digha and Hatiya on 20 May, buffeting the region with strong winds and heavy rains. ]Although the cyclone's effects were nonetheless widespread and deadly. At least 86 people died in West Bengal; most of the fatalities were due to electrocution or the collapse of homes.The state government estimated that the storm caused at least₹1 trillion in damage and directly affected 70 percent of the state's population.
Rains and strong winds from Amphan swept across many districts in Kerala beginning on May 16. Thunderstorms associated with Amphan caused severe coastal erosion in the Thiruvananthapuram, damaging roads and destroying homes and threatening to displace over a hundred families from their homes. Strong winds inflicted severe damage where homes and temples were impacted and trees and electric poles were downed. A₹1.47 billion damage toll resulted from the destruction of 16 homes and the partial damage of 313 homes.
* What are the aftermath?
On 22 May, Prime Minister Narendra Modi conducted an aerial survey over Kolkata, along with chief minister Mamata Banerjee. Modi announced a ₹10 billion, immediate relief package for West Bengal and ₹5 billion in relief for Odisha. In advance, Modi announced that ₹200,000 would be provided to the next of kin of people who died during the storm, and ₹50,000 would be given to each injured person.
The European Union stated that it would initially provide €500,000 for those affected by the storm in India.
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